A 2017 study in the International Journal of Neurorehabilitation led by Deepa Vinoo at New York City Health + Hospitals examined the impact of personal music on 108 residents of four Memory Care units at an 815-bed long-term nursing care facility. All residents of the four units were assessed over a two-year period for use of Music & Memory, antipsychotic usage, physical altercations and falls. The Music & Memory program was part of a mix of improvements in memory care at the facility. At the end of the study period, there was a significant reduction in the transfer of residents to psychiatric ERs for behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), as well as a significant reduction in falls and physical altercations and resulting drop in transfers to acute hospitals for further management. One-to-one observations decreased from five to one during the same period. Read more.